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NavSource Online: Aircraft Carrier Photo Archive

Courtesy of CAPT Gene Oleson, CHC, USN (Ret)

(formerly Jupiter (Collier #3); later AV-3)

Unit Awards, Campaign and Service Medals and Ribbons

Precedence of awards is from top to bottom, left to right
Top Row (as Jupiter): Mexican Service Medal / World War I Victory Medal ("Transport" clasp)
2nd Row (as Langley): American Defense Service Medal ("Fleet" clasp) / Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal / World War II Victory Medal

Langley Class Aircraft Carrier
Awarded Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Stricken
(unknown) 18 Oct 1911 24 Aug 1912 7 Apr 1913
20 Mar 1922
24 Mar 1920
8 May 1942
Builder: Mare Island Navy Yard, Vallejo, Calif.

Fate: Bombed by Japanese aircraft, 27 February 1942, and scuttled by her escorting destroyers, about 75 miles south of Tjilatjap, Java.

16 of her crew were lost with the ship and remain on duty.

(As converted to a carrier, 1922)
Displacement: 13,990 tons standard; 15,150 tons full load
Dimensions (wl): 520' x 65' 3" x 22' 1" (full load)  /  158.5 x 19.9 x 6.7 meters
Dimensions (max.): 542' 2.5" x 65' 6"  /  165.3 x 20 meters
Armor: None
Power plant: 3 boilers (190 psi); geared turbines and electric drive; 2 shafts; 6,500 shp
Speed: 15.5 knots
Armament: 4 single 5"/51 gun mounts
Aircraft: 34
Aviation facilities: 1 elevator; 1 catapult (second catapult added soon afterwards)
Crew: 468 (ship's company + air wing)
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CV-1 was named after Samuel Pierpont Langley (1834-1906), American astronomer, physicist, and pioneer in the development of heavier-than-air craft.

Hill Aerospace Museum,
Hill Air Force Base,


Postcard photo showing Langley during her conversion to an aircraft carrier, 1921.

Chuck White

194k An undated photo of the interior of the Langley, showing a Vought O2U Corsair on the elevator. USN


USS Langley (CV-1) early in her career (note single stack to port). Photo is stamped on back: "Chief of Information. Navy Department. Washington, 25 D.C."

Jim Bulebush


USS Langley (CV-1) at anchor, with an Aeromarine 39-B airplane landing on her flight deck, circa 1922.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 63545).


39k Believed to have been taken at Pearl Harbor. Date unknown. Ric Hedman


Closeup of view above.

Her bridge, unaltered since her days as a collier, can be seen forward, below the flight deck and just aft of one of her 5" guns.

Ric Hedman
CV-1 Langley

USS Langley (CV-1), date and place unkown.

From the collection of LCDR Thomas A. Donegan (Ret).

Mike Donegan, son of LCDR Thomas A. Donegan


Aeromarine 39-B airplane approaching the flight deck of USS Langley (CV-1) during landing practice, 19 October 1922.

Courtesy of the U.S. Naval Institute Photographic Collection.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 93178).



Aircraft in the ship's hangar, during the 1920s. The larger plane in the foreground is a Douglas DT torpedo bomber, with its wings removed. Other aircraft are Vought VE-7s of Fighting Squadron Two (VF-2), including Bureau #s A5936 (marked "2-F-9") and A5938 (marked "2-F-8"). The ship's boats are stowed along the hangar sides.

Naval Historical Center photo # NH 72927; courtesy of LT Gustave J. Freret, USN (Ret) (1970).

CV-1 Langley

USS Langley (CV-1) with Vought VE-7 aircraft on deck. In the background are 4 four-stack destroyers and a Tennessee-class battleship on the left and two New Mexico-class battleships (center and right). The original photo was labeled "Harbinger" to show symbolically how the unimposing Langley was the first of a line of ships which eventually drove the battleship from its primary place into the background. Circa 1923.

Naval Historical Center photo # NH 72943; courtesy of LT Gustave J. Freret, USN (Ret) (1970).

CV-1 Langley
124k Aerial, bow On, Plane on deck. August 9 1923.
Image # (80-G-185887)
National Archives


USS Langley (CV-1) docked at the carrier pier at Naval Air Station, North Island, San Diego, California, with a Douglas DT-2 airplane taking off from her flight deck. This photo may have been taken during catapult tests in 1925.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (photo # NH 47024).

Scott Dyben


Rear Admiral William A. Moffett, USN, Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics (right) observing aircraft operations on board USS Langley (CV-1), circa 1925-26. At left is Captain Joseph M. Reeves, Commander, Aircraft Squadrons, Battle Fleet.

Collection of Lieutenant Gustave J. Freret, USN (Retired), 1972.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 81154).



Late 1920s image.

Manuel D. Tafoya, Sr.
CV-1 Langley
206k Underway, aircraft on deck. June 1927. 
Image # (80-G-460108)
National Archives


USS Langley (CV-1) in Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands, with 34 planes on her flight deck, May 1928. Note booms rigged out from her sides.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-424475).

Scott Dyben


USS Langley (CV-1) underway off San Diego, California, 1928, with Vought VE-7 aircraft on her flight deck. USS Somers (DD-301) is in the background.

Collection of Lieutenant Gustave J. Freret, USN (Retired), 1972.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 81279).

Joe Radigan
CV-1 Langley

USS Lexington (CV-2), top; USS Saratoga (CV-3), with her distinctive funnel stripe; and USS Langley (CV-1) , accross the pier from Saratoga. Bremerton, Washington, 11 November 1929.

From the collection of Joseph P. English. Contributed by his son, George E. English.
CV-1 Langley
138k Late 20's Early 30's Image of Langley underway. USN
CV-1 Langley

"Aircraft Carrier Langley." (From a Russian publication).

This drawing shows Langley about 1930, after the removal of her catapult.

Alex Tatchin
CV-1 Langley + BB-39 Arizona

USS Langley (CV-1) and USS Arizona (BB-39) at Naval Air Station San Diego, CA., late 1920s.

USN / Joe Radigan
CV-1 Langley

USS Langley in Dry Dock No. 2, at Navy Yard, Puget Sound, January 1930. Note portable sanitary lines and staging around the stern.

Seattle Branch of the National Archives photo.

Tracy White
CV-1 Langley

At anchor off Cristobal, Panama Canal Zone, 1 March 1930, in her final configuration as a carrier. The flight-deck masts could be dismounted for flight operations and her two flight-deck catapults had been removed. Note two tiltable funnels to port.

Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives (photo # 80-G-185915).

Two of her four 5" guns can be seen, forward and aft. (Thanks to Robert Hurst).



Holystoning the deck, 1931. Photo taken by Preston E. Cloud, scanned with permission.

Chuck White


On September 23, 1931. LT Alfred M. Pride piloted the Navy's first rotary wing aircraft, a Pitcairn XOP-1 autogyro, in landings and takeoffs aboard Langley while underway.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White


Captain Steele, in command of Carrier Division One, SCOFOR, inspects the crew of USS Langley on September 24, 1931.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White


A biplane takes off from Langley, circa 1931-32.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White


Stacks down, flight quarters, South Pacific, probably in the mid-1930s. USS Cole (DD-155) in the foreground.

From the collection of Preston E. Cloud.

Chuck White


USS Langley moored pierside at NAS North Island, San Diego, circa 1931-32. Photo by Teddy Krueger, USS Holland (AS-3).

Rick Larson, MMCM(SS) ret.


USS Langley (right) moored pierside at NAS North Island, San Diego, circa 1931-32. USS Holland (AS-3) is nearest camera. Ship in the center of the photo is USS Wright (AV-1). Photo by Teddy Krueger, USS Holland.

Rick Larson, MMCM(SS) ret.


Fleet Review off New York City, 31 May 1934 — Ships of the Fleet Train maneuvering during the review. USS Langley (CV-1) is in the lower right. Crossing her bow is USS Melville (AD-2), led by either USS Dobbin (AD-3) or USS Whitney (AD-4). Leading the next line is USS Relief (AH-1), followed by two oilers and another auxiliary. Nine battleships are in the distance, making a column turn to port.

Collection of Vice Admiral Dixwell Ketcham, USN.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph (# NH 95716).


For more photos and information about this ship, see:

View the USS Jupiter (Collier # 3) / USS Langley (CV-1 / AV-3)
DANFS History entry located on the Hazegray & Underway Web Site.

Crew Contact and Reunion Information Web Sites
U.S.Navy Memorial Foundation
Fleet Reserve Association

Related Links
Hazegray & Underway World Aircraft Carrier Pages By Andrew Toppan.
Official U.S. Navy Carrier Website
U.S.S. Langley (CV-1) By Chuck White.

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Last update: 11 December 2005